Vegetable plants require a system to tutor their branches and thus protect them from pathogens.
The practice of tutoring vegetables HORTOMALLAS® is an activity that is carried out to provide support to plants with different characteristics, from vegetables to small trees. The concept and practice of tutoring involve installing a structure to guide the growth of the plants. The main plants in which the practice of tutoring is carried out are: bell pepper, tomato, eggplant, melon, zucchini, cucumber, all belonging to the cucurbit and nightshade families. The act of tutoring is a necessary cultural practice that has been employed for many years, with the aim of achieving high-quality and high-yield production in a small space for successful trade. Tutoring is a beneficial practice for our vegetable producers, as it improves environmental conditions and minimizes potential causes of stress that plants could experience.
distributed. Otherwise, if the crop develops on the ground, it remains exposed to a series of factors that can attack it. These factors include damage to the plant due to handling during cultural practices performed by workers, as well as exposure to high humidity concentrations for extended periods. There’s also a risk that the fruits could come into contact with the ground, causing injuries that result in their devaluation for trade.
There are several ways to trellis crops. tutoring vegetables
Plants that require a tutoring system exhibit different growth patterns. Various types of systems exist for tutoring crops. Knowing the specific crop that you intend to tutor determines the model that should be employed:
Models for tutoring:
1. Simple Model: Involves placing a pole or support to which the plant is attached.
2. Espalier Type: This involves placing the vertical support sustained by posts or stakes. It allows the plant to develop vertically. However, it presents disadvantages for plants with high growth, as harvesting wider fruits becomes complicated.
3. Pergola or Arbor Type: This type of trellising makes harvesting practical for vegetables that reach great heights. Distributing the crop in this way eliminates problems for workers due to the height at which the fruit might be located.
4. A-Frame Type: This is the combination of several simple trellising systems into a single structure.
5. Teepee Shape: Using thin stakes or poles, a teepee-like structure is formed, resembling an Indian tent.
6. Bush Trellising: This type of trellising is shaped according to what is most suitable for the plant, ranging from round, rectangular, to triangular forms.
Advantages of trellising crops: tutoring vegetables
The benefits of using this method include increased exposure to sunlight, leading to greater photosynthetic activity. It also allows for higher crop density in small spaces or utilizing all available space. Enhanced ventilation reduces conditions favorable for phytopathogens, thereby decreasing the need for pathogen control measures. Reducing pathogen attacks can lead to reduced pesticide use and the attainment of true ecological cultivation.
Crops are not immune to pest attacks or diseases caused by pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. In such cases, trellising makes the application of disinfection treatments more practical and efficient. This is due to better coverage of the crop resulting from its distribution on the support provided by trellising. Another practical and efficient aspect facilitated by trellising is the harvesting of fruits, which also requires less labor.
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