Trellising plants – Things Gardeners should know
Trellising plants is an old garden technique adopted by many farmers. It does not only keep crops off the ground but increase usable space as well as yield. Crops like tomatoes benefit when trellis is used in the garden. It will prevent fruit rotting which results when fruits are hidden deep within the crop or sitting on the soil.
There are many trellis options as there are varieties of crops. Growers can choose or adopt any trellis design or style provided it assist crops to grow well.
Examples of crops that needs trellising
Squash and pumpkins
Tomatoes and Trellis
There are many tomato varieties and some benefit from strong support. Maintaining order in tomato garden demands largely on the variety and growth pattern of the crop. Tomatoes are grouped into determinate and indeterminate. The determinate tomato varieties are usually mid-sized. They mature when they grow to a fixed size and ripening of fruit occurs in a short period too. Determinate tomatoes will benefit if taken off the ground by providing support like cages or stakes. On the other hand, indeterminate tomatoes can grow in all season. The fruit also ripens until the death of the plant. However, they also do well if trained on a trellis system.
How to stake tomato plants
The first thing is to collect the necessary materials you need to stake the crop properly. However, materials needed are:
Wooden stake (avoid treated wood)
Rubber mallet – To drive stakes into the ground.
For determinate tomato varieties, use a wooden stake that is 4 feet tall. While for indeterminate plants, the wooden pole used should be 5-7 feet tall.
Stake when the plants are still young. You should also set the plant at least 2-3 feet apart.
Drive the wooden stake into the ground at least a feet. It should be about 3-4 inches away from the crop.
Tie the crop to the stake loosely.
Benefits of using trellis system
There are lots of benefits in using trellis system to grow crops. Growers still need to support crops at the right time to make them grow well.
- Increases plants’ exposure to sunlight – This makes the plant to grow and yield well too.
- Generally, improve the quality of fruit or foliage – The plant does not experience rot before harvest.
- Promotes healthy crops.
- Pruning and fertilizer application becomes easier.
Proper circulation which reduces incidence and spread of diseases
Plants are better prepared to withstand heavy wind that may have caused damages.