Training peppers – What Growers should know
Pepper plants are indeterminate plants, which is why they continuously grow new leaves and stems. This is also the main reason why we need training peppers for a balanced growth which encourages maximum fruit production.
Basically, pepper plants are managed with two stems for each plant. This results in a density of about six stems per m2 from the previous planting density of three plants per m2. In addition to training, pruning is another technique that can help improve circulation of air among the plants. The benefit of this is the reduction and spread of diseases, which results in better yield.
Pruning is a very important gardening practice that is carried out every two weeks. It has to be done in order to maintain the two stem architecture of the plant when new leaves, as well as lateral side shoots, begin to develop from the axils of the nodes on the stems. After planting, you will discover that the plants would have developed about 2-3 stem shoots after a week in the greenhouse. The grower needs to prune the plant and allow only the two strongest stems, which will be nurtured to support the entire production of the plant throughout the year. However, support is very vital at this stage of the plant, because it can grow to about 13 feet. The grower needs to provide support in order for the plant to grow well and remain upright.
How is Pepper Supported?
From the overhead support wires, twine is hung and used to support each of the plants’ stem. However, the twine used is tied to the plants’ main stem about 12 inches up from the block. Also, one length of twine is used for each stem. And becomes stems can become damaged as they grow and expand the twine should not be tied too tight.
Another approach growers can take is laying the twine on the bag of the sawdust. However, this should be done before the plants are being transplanted onto the sawdust. When the plants start growing, it secures the twine. Leave enough slack in the twine for it to be twisted just around the stem as it starts to grow and develop the entire year.
Benefits of training peppers
There are many benefits growers can achieve when they train pepper. First, it helps to increase yield and reduce the occurrence of diseases. Another benefit is that limited space can be utilized to grow more crops. And since plants are trained to grow upright, there will be less damage to the fruits because they are supported off the ground.
The main reason for cultivating crops is for better yield and to make more profit. However, by providing support that will make plants grow vertically, this can be achieved easily. Learn how to train your pepper plant and start reaping the benefits.