USING SUPPORT NETTING TO PREVENT WATER STRESS IN SERRANO PEPPERS.
Water stress in Solanceae reduces profitability
Horticultural support netting creates the right conditions to enable water stress to be reduced on crops of serrano pepper chilies (capisicum annuum L.). During its development stages when the plant finds water available, it readily absorbs it through its roots (a recurring topic of interest for those who work in agriculture due to changeable weather conditions). It does this in order to carry out vital functions such as photosynthesis, transpiration, and the transportation and dilution of nutrients. Therefore conditions of water stress significantly reduce the plant’s ability to carry out these functions, triggering a series of physiological changes such as the closing of the stomata, leading to a reduced amount of carbon being absorbed, which is an essential element for plant photosynthesis.
Water stress in the form of a lack or an excess of water can reduce plant yields by up to 50% due to wasted energy used for absorption, or the discarding of excess water for the bulb to retain its equilibrium; the plant will not only show water stress but also stress from having to realign itself and stress from injuries.
For example, when fertilizing, carrying out pest control, or harvesting, some of the crop can get trodden on, breaking some of the branching stems or contaminating it with a disease. Other factors which can cause the plants mechanical stress are the fasteners used on the crops with raffia tutoring and also the unpredictable weather conditions such as strong winds, high solar radiation, drought or the movement of soil after heavy rain, amongst other things. As a preventative measure to protect the crop from the various situations it may face,
Horticultural support netting can be a great help as it reduces the amount of stress that the plants are subjected to, acting as a support for their optimal development, whilst also acting to prevent the emergence of pathogens, diseases, insects, pests and weeds. Cucumber netting creates a better working environment for the crop as its tutoring of the plants allows for easier handling, during fertilization and fumigation, and doesn’t generate the high stress levels that plants suffer from injuries. Additionally,
Its growth is not restricted but is instead supported, as well as protecting it from changing weather conditions. If the plant is kept in these favourable conditions, it will enjoy an optimum nutritional balance resulting in a high yield of high quality produce.