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How to make a home garden at home?

How to make a home garden at home?

Everything you need to start a home garden

In this post, we’re going to explain everything you need to start a garden at home.

Firstly, it’s not true that you need vast spaces to create a garden. Even with limited space, you can make a mini-garden at home. For example, you can grow vegetables and enjoy the satisfaction of eating your own produce right at home! Simply choose the right soil and seedlings, considering the balcony’s exposure to sunlight.

But let’s take a closer look at the essential tips for creating home garden.

Steps to create a garden at home

  1. Start by buying pre-grown seedlings to transplant into large pots. The size of the pots should be proportional to the size of the vegetables you’re growing. For instance, zucchinis grow well in pots that are 50/60 cm in diameter and 40/50 cm in height. Lettuce, celery, chicory, and many herbs can thrive in pots that are 30 cm in diameter and 20 cm in height.
  2. Begin with short-cycle vegetables or simple herbs. If you love flowers, choose vegetables and fruits that flower or are decorative, such as chili peppers, chard, strawberries, and cherry tomatoes.
  3. As for the soil, don’t opt for cheap options because quality is crucial here. The soil can be traditional, fertilized, or organic. Pots should be prepare with expanded clay or gravel at the bottom. Add some coarse-grained sand to the soil, around 10% of the total.
  4. For optimal growth, plants need their own living space. Therefore, leave at least 70 cm of distance between zucchini seedlings, at least 40 cm for tomatoes, and 25 cm for lettuce. Find out how much space should exist between plants according to their species.
  5. When transplanting seedlings, water them well and then wait until the soil is dry before watering again. The hotter it is, the more watering will be need, especially at the edges of the pot and not directly at the roots. It’s recommend to water in the evening, so the plants have all night to absorb the water. Which evaporates immediately if watered in full sun.
home garden
You don’t necessarily need a large garden, you can start growing at home.

Considerations for home garden

Be mindful of sun exposure: most vegetables and herbs love and need many hours of sunlight. Therefore, it’s ideal to favor spaces with some sunlight exposure, such as areas near windows or at least well-ventilated areas.

If your balcony is flooded with sunlight all day, you can plant any variety of vegetables. Otherwise, limit yourself to planting valerian, chicory, cabbage, chard, parsley, and all those plants that don’t need as much light.

If your balcony is located on a busy city street, cover the pots with a “non-woven fabric” (Invernavelo is perfect) to prevent fine dust from settling on the plants while still allowing sunlight and water to filter through. Of course, wash the vegetables well with baking soda when they’re ready to eat.

In the yard or garden, on the terrace or balcony, but also in the kitchen. Home gardens can be ideal for those with little experience and, obviously, little space. In fact, you can use pots or planters.

Where to plant

Directly in the ground, for those lucky enough to have a garden or yard, or in pots, planters, and vertical structures, which represent simple and alternative practices.

Simple pots can be use: both plastic and terracotta are fine, while metal ones should be avoid because they risk overheating and evaporating water. The most suitable ones for giving plants the space they need to grow are large pots, at least 50 centimeters deep.

Regarding exposure to light, each plant has its own needs. And it’s best to research each time you buy a new one. However, in general, it’s better to choose a balcony facing southwest or southeast. Those facing north remain shaded most of the day, so they’re not the best for plants. Those facing south risk the sun hitting too hard and for too long. However, besides the orientation of the balcony, you should also consider the presence of walls or “obstacles” and remember that a garden should receive at least 7 hours of sunlight a day.

short time crops
If you have no experience growing at home, start by growing plants that need a short time.

How much to water

Watering is another factor to consider. Too much water is as bad as too little, so it’s worth researching the care needed for the different plant species being grow.

Soil quality

It’s also important to assess soil quality so that plants grow healthy and beautiful. For example, it’s a good idea to use fertilizers or organic compounds to maintain the garden’s well-being. Also considering the seasonality of products according to the time of year. All of these are crucial aspects to consider.

The rule is simple: respect the characteristics of each plant, based on their needs for light, water, nutrients, etc.

How to transplant already grown seedlings

First, prepare a pot with a base of gravel or expanded clay and then mix soil and sand (about a tenth part) and press it down. After preparing the pot, you can proceed by gently extracting the seedlings from the jars they’re located in. The roots and soil will be attach in a block that needs to be loosened a bit before placing them in the pot soil. Once the transfer is complete, water everything abundantly. Herbs are resilient plants and provide immediate satisfaction, but you can do the same with other plants.

How to make cuttings

Another way to start is by using cuttings or twigs from plants that. When detached and placed in water or soil, grow new roots and become independent. The method of cuttings doesn’t work with all plants, but there are many you can try. For example, it can be done with mint, rosemary, and basil. You can not only cut twigs from plants you already have at home but also exchange them with neighbors.

Once the twigs are cut, they should be place in glass jars filled with water. In a warm place not exposed to direct sunlight: the first roots will sprout in a few days. Then they can be transferred to pots, always placing a base of gravel or clay and then well-pressed soil on top.

vegetable garden with shade netting
It is recommended to use organic fertilizers and compounds to maintain the vegetable garden at home.

How to use seeds

Finally, you can start with seeds. It’s the most demanding route but also the most satisfying if everything goes well. Usually, a germination tray is use to sprout seeds indoors, but you can also use an egg container. Simply make small holes in the bottom. Then, fill each “station” with small amounts of soil and put two or three seeds in each.

Generally, the harder ones are push under the surface. While the softer ones are left resting, but it’s best to read the instructions. To moisten the seeds, simply sprinkle drops on them gently, ensuring the soil is damp.

To provide the seeds with the right moisture, you should cover the entire tray with transparent film or a plastic bag, making small holes to let air pass through. Germination trays should be keep indoors because they need a temperature between 18 and 24 degrees. When the first small leaves start to appear, you can move the seedlings to pots. Using a spoon and making sure not to damage the small roots.

How to choose what to plant in your home garden

You have to choose plants following certain criteria, namely, what you like, what you consume, and what suits the conditions and size of your space. In the world of herbs, there is a wide variety of species that are perfect for indoors. Such as basil, rosemary, parsley, thyme, cilantro, oregano, or mint. They are ideal for planting in pots, for example. As long as they are place near a sunny spot with good ventilation.

Those who wish can also venture into other types of crops, such as lettuces, tomatoes, cucumbers, leeks, and even strawberries, or perhaps spinach, scallions, carrots, and radishes. Again, you need to thoroughly assess the care required for each species before deciding on one or the other.

In general, almost everything that can be grow in a real garden can be grow. With some precautions, even in pots. The only vegetables that don’t grow well in pots are those that need a lot of space, such as pumpkins, potatoes, and tubers in general. Asparagus and artichokes are also not highly recommend if you’re not an expert because they are perennials and very demanding. Otherwise, the choice is very wide. The only thing to consider is that each vegetable has its own planting season, so before choosing the plants, you need a bit of planning.

seed for your gardens
Choose the seed for your gardens depending on what you like best as long as they have good ventilation and sunlight.

Vegetables to grow on a balcony

Among vegetables, the easiest ones are lettuce and arugula. In fact, a packet of seeds costs a few cents, they can be planted all year round, and after about a month, they can already be harvested and eaten. But they must be very moist, just like basil. Aromatic plants, particularly parsley, rosemary, sage, thyme, oregano, and marjoram, give a lot of satisfaction because they are resilient, perennial, and adapt to small spaces.

Strawberries are very easy to grow on the balcony, they need little space, and they are one of the most used plants to introduce even the most skeptical children to gardening.

Beets, arugula, chard, and turnip greens can be planted but are not highly recommended vegetables because they produce small quantities at a time. Beans and peas are usually very bulky and give little yield. However, legumes have the advantage of being natural soil fertilizers, so they can be used to nourish the soil you already have, perhaps in view of a later sowing.

Types of cabbage

Most types of cabbage (especially black cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli) can be planted in autumn when other plants die due to low temperatures.

Squashes, zucchinis, melons, watermelons, and cucumbers need a lot of space and care, so they are not the most recommended for those who have just started their mini home garden. If you want to try anyway, zucchinis and cucumbers are the most manageable.

Tomatoes, eggplants, and peppers need very large pots, at least 50 centimeters in diameter and 30/40 centimeters deep, and require abundant light and water, but they are very common on balconies because they yield many consistent fruits.

For those with a balcony with little sunlight exposure, chicory, cabbage, chard, and parsley don’t need too much light. For those looking for garden plants that also produce beautiful flowers, the best choices are chili peppers, beets, strawberries, cherry tomatoes, and zucchinis.

short time crops
Strawberries are easier to grow than other vegetables, if you have no experience in home gardening, we recommend starting with strawberries.

How to water

The ideal time to water plants is when the sun sets, so that the water doesn’t evaporate immediately but has all night to be absorbed. In general, it’s better to water a little and frequently than a lot all at once. Generally, it’s important that water doesn’t stagnate because there’s a risk of suffocating the plant or causing it to rot. It’s better not to water the plants “in the rain”, but to pour the water directly into the soil, preferably at the edges. This way, the water will gradually reach the plants without the risk of creating a thermal shock.

Fill out the form below to let us know your questions or comments:

Everything you need to start a home garden

In this post, we’re going to explain everything you need to start a garden at home.

Firstly, it’s not true that you need vast spaces to create a garden. Even with limited space, you can make a mini-garden at home. For example, you can grow vegetables and enjoy the satisfaction of eating your own produce right at home! Simply choose the right soil and seedlings, considering the balcony’s exposure to sunlight.

But let’s take a closer look at the essential tips for creating home garden.

Steps to create a garden at home

  1. Start by buying pre-grown seedlings to transplant into large pots. The size of the pots should be proportional to the size of the vegetables you’re growing. For instance, zucchinis grow well in pots that are 50/60 cm in diameter and 40/50 cm in height. Lettuce, celery, chicory, and many herbs can thrive in pots that are 30 cm in diameter and 20 cm in height.
  2. Begin with short-cycle vegetables or simple herbs. If you love flowers, choose vegetables and fruits that flower or are decorative, such as chili peppers, chard, strawberries, and cherry tomatoes.
  3. As for the soil, don’t opt for cheap options because quality is crucial here. The soil can be traditional, fertilized, or organic. Pots should be prepare with expanded clay or gravel at the bottom. Add some coarse-grained sand to the soil, around 10% of the total.
  4. For optimal growth, plants need their own living space. Therefore, leave at least 70 cm of distance between zucchini seedlings, at least 40 cm for tomatoes, and 25 cm for lettuce. Find out how much space should exist between plants according to their species.
  5. When transplanting seedlings, water them well and then wait until the soil is dry before watering again. The hotter it is, the more watering will be need, especially at the edges of the pot and not directly at the roots. It’s recommend to water in the evening, so the plants have all night to absorb the water. Which evaporates immediately if watered in full sun.
home garden
You don’t necessarily need a large garden, you can start growing at home.

Considerations for home garden

Be mindful of sun exposure: most vegetables and herbs love and need many hours of sunlight. Therefore, it’s ideal to favor spaces with some sunlight exposure, such as areas near windows or at least well-ventilated areas.

If your balcony is flooded with sunlight all day, you can plant any variety of vegetables. Otherwise, limit yourself to planting valerian, chicory, cabbage, chard, parsley, and all those plants that don’t need as much light.

If your balcony is located on a busy city street, cover the pots with a “non-woven fabric” (Invernavelo is perfect) to prevent fine dust from settling on the plants while still allowing sunlight and water to filter through. Of course, wash the vegetables well with baking soda when they’re ready to eat.

In the yard or garden, on the terrace or balcony, but also in the kitchen. Home gardens can be ideal for those with little experience and, obviously, little space. In fact, you can use pots or planters.

Where to plant

Directly in the ground, for those lucky enough to have a garden or yard, or in pots, planters, and vertical structures, which represent simple and alternative practices.

Simple pots can be use: both plastic and terracotta are fine, while metal ones should be avoid because they risk overheating and evaporating water. The most suitable ones for giving plants the space they need to grow are large pots, at least 50 centimeters deep.

Regarding exposure to light, each plant has its own needs. And it’s best to research each time you buy a new one. However, in general, it’s better to choose a balcony facing southwest or southeast. Those facing north remain shaded most of the day, so they’re not the best for plants. Those facing south risk the sun hitting too hard and for too long. However, besides the orientation of the balcony, you should also consider the presence of walls or “obstacles” and remember that a garden should receive at least 7 hours of sunlight a day.

short time crops
If you have no experience growing at home, start by growing plants that need a short time.

How much to water

Watering is another factor to consider. Too much water is as bad as too little, so it’s worth researching the care needed for the different plant species being grow.

Soil quality

It’s also important to assess soil quality so that plants grow healthy and beautiful. For example, it’s a good idea to use fertilizers or organic compounds to maintain the garden’s well-being. Also considering the seasonality of products according to the time of year. All of these are crucial aspects to consider.

The rule is simple: respect the characteristics of each plant, based on their needs for light, water, nutrients, etc.

How to transplant already grown seedlings

First, prepare a pot with a base of gravel or expanded clay and then mix soil and sand (about a tenth part) and press it down. After preparing the pot, you can proceed by gently extracting the seedlings from the jars they’re located in. The roots and soil will be attach in a block that needs to be loosened a bit before placing them in the pot soil. Once the transfer is complete, water everything abundantly. Herbs are resilient plants and provide immediate satisfaction, but you can do the same with other plants.

How to make cuttings

Another way to start is by using cuttings or twigs from plants that. When detached and placed in water or soil, grow new roots and become independent. The method of cuttings doesn’t work with all plants, but there are many you can try. For example, it can be done with mint, rosemary, and basil. You can not only cut twigs from plants you already have at home but also exchange them with neighbors.

Once the twigs are cut, they should be place in glass jars filled with water. In a warm place not exposed to direct sunlight: the first roots will sprout in a few days. Then they can be transferred to pots, always placing a base of gravel or clay and then well-pressed soil on top.

vegetable garden with shade netting
It is recommended to use organic fertilizers and compounds to maintain the vegetable garden at home.

How to use seeds

Finally, you can start with seeds. It’s the most demanding route but also the most satisfying if everything goes well. Usually, a germination tray is use to sprout seeds indoors, but you can also use an egg container. Simply make small holes in the bottom. Then, fill each “station” with small amounts of soil and put two or three seeds in each.

Generally, the harder ones are push under the surface. While the softer ones are left resting, but it’s best to read the instructions. To moisten the seeds, simply sprinkle drops on them gently, ensuring the soil is damp.

To provide the seeds with the right moisture, you should cover the entire tray with transparent film or a plastic bag, making small holes to let air pass through. Germination trays should be keep indoors because they need a temperature between 18 and 24 degrees. When the first small leaves start to appear, you can move the seedlings to pots. Using a spoon and making sure not to damage the small roots.

How to choose what to plant in your home garden

You have to choose plants following certain criteria, namely, what you like, what you consume, and what suits the conditions and size of your space. In the world of herbs, there is a wide variety of species that are perfect for indoors. Such as basil, rosemary, parsley, thyme, cilantro, oregano, or mint. They are ideal for planting in pots, for example. As long as they are place near a sunny spot with good ventilation.

Those who wish can also venture into other types of crops, such as lettuces, tomatoes, cucumbers, leeks, and even strawberries, or perhaps spinach, scallions, carrots, and radishes. Again, you need to thoroughly assess the care required for each species before deciding on one or the other.

In general, almost everything that can be grow in a real garden can be grow. With some precautions, even in pots. The only vegetables that don’t grow well in pots are those that need a lot of space, such as pumpkins, potatoes, and tubers in general. Asparagus and artichokes are also not highly recommend if you’re not an expert because they are perennials and very demanding. Otherwise, the choice is very wide. The only thing to consider is that each vegetable has its own planting season, so before choosing the plants, you need a bit of planning.

seed for your gardens
Choose the seed for your gardens depending on what you like best as long as they have good ventilation and sunlight.

Vegetables to grow on a balcony

Among vegetables, the easiest ones are lettuce and arugula. In fact, a packet of seeds costs a few cents, they can be planted all year round, and after about a month, they can already be harvested and eaten. But they must be very moist, just like basil. Aromatic plants, particularly parsley, rosemary, sage, thyme, oregano, and marjoram, give a lot of satisfaction because they are resilient, perennial, and adapt to small spaces.

Strawberries are very easy to grow on the balcony, they need little space, and they are one of the most used plants to introduce even the most skeptical children to gardening.

Beets, arugula, chard, and turnip greens can be planted but are not highly recommended vegetables because they produce small quantities at a time. Beans and peas are usually very bulky and give little yield. However, legumes have the advantage of being natural soil fertilizers, so they can be used to nourish the soil you already have, perhaps in view of a later sowing.

Types of cabbage

Most types of cabbage (especially black cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli) can be planted in autumn when other plants die due to low temperatures.

Squashes, zucchinis, melons, watermelons, and cucumbers need a lot of space and care, so they are not the most recommended for those who have just started their mini home garden. If you want to try anyway, zucchinis and cucumbers are the most manageable.

Tomatoes, eggplants, and peppers need very large pots, at least 50 centimeters in diameter and 30/40 centimeters deep, and require abundant light and water, but they are very common on balconies because they yield many consistent fruits.

For those with a balcony with little sunlight exposure, chicory, cabbage, chard, and parsley don’t need too much light. For those looking for garden plants that also produce beautiful flowers, the best choices are chili peppers, beets, strawberries, cherry tomatoes, and zucchinis.

short time crops
Strawberries are easier to grow than other vegetables, if you have no experience in home gardening, we recommend starting with strawberries.

How to water

The ideal time to water plants is when the sun sets, so that the water doesn’t evaporate immediately but has all night to be absorbed. In general, it’s better to water a little and frequently than a lot all at once. Generally, it’s important that water doesn’t stagnate because there’s a risk of suffocating the plant or causing it to rot. It’s better not to water the plants “in the rain”, but to pour the water directly into the soil, preferably at the edges. This way, the water will gradually reach the plants without the risk of creating a thermal shock.

Fill out the form below to let us know your questions or comments:

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