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Horizontal trellising manual for chili peppers and green tomatoes.

Horizontal trellising manual for chili peppers and green tomatoes.

Horizontal Trellising Manual for Green Peppers and Green Tomatoes. Trellis Mesh

Vegetable Crops

The use of greenhouses is currently on the rise due to the global trend of quality we are experiencing. Markets are increasingly demanding, especially for export purposes, with high-quality standards leading to increased product prices. Therefore, materials that allow for high-quality fruit development are sought after.

Greenhouse agriculture is a result of local environmental conditions, as climate is the main limiting factor for production. This technology is available for most crops and climatic conditions, promoting improvements in production and crop quality. trellising trellis mesh

Mechanical Stress

A plant growing under optimal conditions experiences zero stress. This implies that all factors (light, nutrients, water, temperature, oxygen) are at their optimum. However, this situation is unlikely in plant growth conditions. The term “stress” implies damage and even death to the plant or parts thereof if the disturbance persists.

Plants have developed adaptation and defense mechanisms against damage caused by environmental conditions, involving a wide variety of chemical compounds.

Nevertheless, continuous exposure to disturbances prevents optimal plant development, consequently leading to undesired fruit yields.

At the production level, such stress in crops results in losses, hence the need to maintain appropriate conditions. trellising trellis mesh

Consequences of Mechanical Stress

Mechanical stress affects development, reducing stem also leaf extension. And can be observed in the soft tissue of plants or in the area exposed to mechanical stress.

Studies demonstrate issues in crops due to mechanical stress. An experiment involving shaking plants for a few seconds or doing so twice a day resulted in 25% of smaller plants, 23% less leaf area, and an 18% reduction in fruit yield at harvest. trellising

Common Pests

According to Saunders et al., crop pests include all organisms (insects, mites, slugs, nematodes, rodents, birds, and in some definitions, weeds and diseases) that compete with humans for the food they produce. trellis mesh

Some insects in their larval stage feed on germinating seeds or plant roots, disrupting water and mineral salt uptake and causing production losses.

Damage caused by pests and the diseases they carry has been a constant problem in agriculture, resulting in economic losses. Thus, combating them has become a necessity, albeit with negative effects on third parties. trellis mesh

Agricultural production, especially plant health, focuses on better management strategies based on information technologies, which have proven to be very useful.

INTERVALSFUNGIBACTERIA
Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci)      
Pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugeni)
Aphids or green peach aphid (Myzus persicae)
Leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii)
Beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigüa)
Broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus)
Spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus)       
Nematodes (Meloidogyne sp)
Aphid (Aphis gossypii)
Phytophthora infestans 
Rhizoctonia solani       
Powdery mildew (Oidium)
Leaf spot (Cercospora physalidis)     
White blister (Entyloma australe)   White mold (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum)
Bacterial spot Xanthomonas vesicatoria Pseudomonas

Trellising

Vegetables are the most produced due to high demand in the market. The agricultural sector focuses on planting them to increase quality for consumption, market, and export.

For most vegetable crops, both inside and outside greenhouses, techniques to improve ventilation and lighting throughout the plant are sought. It’s also essential to prevent fruits from touching the ground completely and optimize space. trellising

.

Therefore, trellising is a method that involves guiding plants along a rope, wooden stakes. Or posts to prevent them from lying on the ground. Different trellising techniques can be use for various bush or vine-type crops. Such as tomatoes, cucumbers, and various types of peppers, promoting plant growth and development.

Horizontal or bush trellising involves placing posts about 2 m high at distances of 2 to 3 m along the furrow, with wires installed on the edge posts to support the weight of the plants. Between each post in single rows, a crossed rope is run, forming a supporting frame. This system provides greater ease and speed in plant management, in addition to saving space and labor.

Proper trellising has been proven to enhance production. Apart from providing support for the stem, it also benefits other parts of the plant. Such as branches, by facilitating spacing for better aeration, thus reducing humidity levels and decreasing fungal presence.

Importance of Horizontal Trellising with HORTOMALLAS®

The use of HORTOMALLAS® trellis mesh offers various benefits: time and money savings due to its simple installation. Reduced human contact with plants, increased leaf exposure to sunlight, and improved ventilation, leading to decreased pathogen growth.

It significantly increases crop density, improves plant support to prevent virus spread or diseases caused by bacteria and fungi that propagate mechanically, simplifies the use of chemicals for disinfection, and allows for better absorption due to increased plant extension provided by the mesh. Making pruning and fruit harvesting easier and more efficient thanks to its 25x25cm grid. trellising

Mesh Installation for Horizontal Trellising

The different trellising methods depend on the crop type, considering materials and methods effective in reducing labor and pest transmission.

Meshes are adapted according to each farmer’s trellising method. To trellis horizontally, the following materials are need:

Posts: Usually made of wood, metal, bamboo, etc. The length of the posts depends on the crop type (according to plant growth) and soil type.

Stakes: They mark the position of the posts; their size varies according to post size.

HORTOMALLAS® Mesh: Mesh size depends on crop height, and the grid size (12.5×12.5 cm, 15×15 cm, 15×17 cm, and 25×25 cm). The mesh can be tied to the posts with twine or plastic ties.

Fill out the form below to let us know your questions or comments:

Horizontal Trellising Manual for Green Peppers and Green Tomatoes. Trellis Mesh

Vegetable Crops

The use of greenhouses is currently on the rise due to the global trend of quality we are experiencing. Markets are increasingly demanding, especially for export purposes, with high-quality standards leading to increased product prices. Therefore, materials that allow for high-quality fruit development are sought after.

Greenhouse agriculture is a result of local environmental conditions, as climate is the main limiting factor for production. This technology is available for most crops and climatic conditions, promoting improvements in production and crop quality. trellising trellis mesh

Mechanical Stress

A plant growing under optimal conditions experiences zero stress. This implies that all factors (light, nutrients, water, temperature, oxygen) are at their optimum. However, this situation is unlikely in plant growth conditions. The term “stress” implies damage and even death to the plant or parts thereof if the disturbance persists.

Plants have developed adaptation and defense mechanisms against damage caused by environmental conditions, involving a wide variety of chemical compounds.

Nevertheless, continuous exposure to disturbances prevents optimal plant development, consequently leading to undesired fruit yields.

At the production level, such stress in crops results in losses, hence the need to maintain appropriate conditions. trellising trellis mesh

Consequences of Mechanical Stress

Mechanical stress affects development, reducing stem also leaf extension. And can be observed in the soft tissue of plants or in the area exposed to mechanical stress.

Studies demonstrate issues in crops due to mechanical stress. An experiment involving shaking plants for a few seconds or doing so twice a day resulted in 25% of smaller plants, 23% less leaf area, and an 18% reduction in fruit yield at harvest. trellising

Common Pests

According to Saunders et al., crop pests include all organisms (insects, mites, slugs, nematodes, rodents, birds, and in some definitions, weeds and diseases) that compete with humans for the food they produce. trellis mesh

Some insects in their larval stage feed on germinating seeds or plant roots, disrupting water and mineral salt uptake and causing production losses.

Damage caused by pests and the diseases they carry has been a constant problem in agriculture, resulting in economic losses. Thus, combating them has become a necessity, albeit with negative effects on third parties. trellis mesh

Agricultural production, especially plant health, focuses on better management strategies based on information technologies, which have proven to be very useful.

INTERVALSFUNGIBACTERIA
Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci)      
Pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugeni)
Aphids or green peach aphid (Myzus persicae)
Leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii)
Beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigüa)
Broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus)
Spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus)       
Nematodes (Meloidogyne sp)
Aphid (Aphis gossypii)
Phytophthora infestans 
Rhizoctonia solani       
Powdery mildew (Oidium)
Leaf spot (Cercospora physalidis)     
White blister (Entyloma australe)   White mold (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum)
Bacterial spot Xanthomonas vesicatoria Pseudomonas

Trellising

Vegetables are the most produced due to high demand in the market. The agricultural sector focuses on planting them to increase quality for consumption, market, and export.

For most vegetable crops, both inside and outside greenhouses, techniques to improve ventilation and lighting throughout the plant are sought. It’s also essential to prevent fruits from touching the ground completely and optimize space. trellising

.

Therefore, trellising is a method that involves guiding plants along a rope, wooden stakes. Or posts to prevent them from lying on the ground. Different trellising techniques can be use for various bush or vine-type crops. Such as tomatoes, cucumbers, and various types of peppers, promoting plant growth and development.

Horizontal or bush trellising involves placing posts about 2 m high at distances of 2 to 3 m along the furrow, with wires installed on the edge posts to support the weight of the plants. Between each post in single rows, a crossed rope is run, forming a supporting frame. This system provides greater ease and speed in plant management, in addition to saving space and labor.

Proper trellising has been proven to enhance production. Apart from providing support for the stem, it also benefits other parts of the plant. Such as branches, by facilitating spacing for better aeration, thus reducing humidity levels and decreasing fungal presence.

Importance of Horizontal Trellising with HORTOMALLAS®

The use of HORTOMALLAS® trellis mesh offers various benefits: time and money savings due to its simple installation. Reduced human contact with plants, increased leaf exposure to sunlight, and improved ventilation, leading to decreased pathogen growth.

It significantly increases crop density, improves plant support to prevent virus spread or diseases caused by bacteria and fungi that propagate mechanically, simplifies the use of chemicals for disinfection, and allows for better absorption due to increased plant extension provided by the mesh. Making pruning and fruit harvesting easier and more efficient thanks to its 25x25cm grid. trellising

Mesh Installation for Horizontal Trellising

The different trellising methods depend on the crop type, considering materials and methods effective in reducing labor and pest transmission.

Meshes are adapted according to each farmer’s trellising method. To trellis horizontally, the following materials are need:

Posts: Usually made of wood, metal, bamboo, etc. The length of the posts depends on the crop type (according to plant growth) and soil type.

Stakes: They mark the position of the posts; their size varies according to post size.

HORTOMALLAS® Mesh: Mesh size depends on crop height, and the grid size (12.5×12.5 cm, 15×15 cm, 15×17 cm, and 25×25 cm). The mesh can be tied to the posts with twine or plastic ties.

Fill out the form below to let us know your questions or comments:

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