How tutoring plants helps against the hardships caused by cyclone and hurricane damage on crops.
Horticulture will often suffer the after effects of hurricane damage on crops even after the storm have left, usually in the form of wounds and high concentrations of humidity.
Hurricanes are storm systems the will form in warm, low pressure, high humidity weather systems over the ocean. These storms will carry strong winds and abundant rainfall to wherever they end up making landfall. Recently, the western area of the Mexican Republic was hit by Hurricane Patricia, the most intense hurricane ever registered in human history. The hurricane generated very strong winds and heavy rainfall in the most effected states of Colima, Jalisco, Michoacán, and Nayarit. The hurricanes strong winds, alongside the heavy rainfall, not only caused damage to coastal areas which are usually the heaviest hit, but also caused damage inland.
Both urban and rural areas suffered the effects of Hurricane Patricia, including damaged and even toppled buildings from the strong winds, as well as flooding from the large quantity of downfall, partially thanks to either inefficient drainage systems and partially due to the record rain levels raising the water table so much near bodies of water.
The heavy rains from the hurricane caused severe losses and damages in agriculture, both of a physical and a pathological type. HORTOMALLAS® can be a valuable tool to help avoid damage caused by excess humidity.
The agricultural industry has been one of the most affected in the industrial sector. Due to a great number of people relying on the economic revenue generated by it, the agricultural industry is incredibly important, and that is not even including of the importance of the actual products of this industry that have a global distribution.
When hurricanes pass over areas where plants are growing, the crops will suffer the effects off its strong winds and heavy rains that accompany it, damaging the plant and provoking fractures, bends, or other types of injuries that cause loss of productivity.
When the hurricane or tropical storm has left the area, many of the plants that managed to survive being toppled by the storm find themselves in the precarious position of having to fight off the pathogens that now have almost free reign of the crop fields due to the high concentrations of humidity, infecting as much plant tissue as they can possibly spread to. These phytopathogens can be either viral, bacterial, or fungal. These infections, by proxy of either killing or generally reducing the vitality of the plants, reduces the profitability of the crops on the fields effected by the hurricane.
The lack of HORTOMALLAS® crop netting during periods of heavy rain can cause damage to crops because the plants can bend or snap under the weight of the rain and the high humidity will increase fungal diseases, resulting in the death of your crops.
On October 23rd, 2015, Hurricane Patricia made landfall on Mexican soil as a category 5 hurricane with 200 mph (325 km/h) sustained wind speeds. As of yet, the long term aftereffects have not been completely quantified, but without a doubt it will have effected a large percentage of the crops growing in the area. Comparing the effects of Hurricane Patricia with those from Hurricane Jova, a category 2 hurricane that landfall in 2011, and caused the loss of over 60% of the crops in the state of Colima. The most affected crops from that hurricane were: lime, watermelon, tomatillo, melon, and tomatoes.
The forecasts for Hurricane Patricia were indicating that within only 48 hours of landfall it would cause as much rain as all the normal seasonal rains of the states of Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán, and Guerrero.
Some of the advantages of having HORTOMALLAS® trellis netting placed during a hurricane.
• It offers more support against strong winds
• It isolates the crop from the accumulation of water between rows
• The crop netting promotes the aeration and drying of leaves
• Facilitates the work of the drainage system