Chili peppers and the improvement of their cultivation
Technological advances in the cultivation of chili pepper
The feasibility of improving on the good agricultural practices used inthe cultivation of the chili pepper has increased greatly in the past few years. A significant portion of this increase is due to the worldwide spread of knowledge that can now reach everyone, even if they live in rural zones, by means of the internet and other related technological advances.
Capsaicin is a beneficial compound
Capsaicin is a chemical compound that even in small quantities will produce a burning sensation when it comes into contact with any tissue, which happens most commonly after it is eaten. Capsaicin is found naturally in all of the spicy chili cultivars, such as jalapeños, tree pepper, or the habanero pepper, all of which are ingredients that are never missing from Mexican kitchens. Consuming chili fruit that has capsaicin has been shown to have several medicinal properties including:
- Increases the calories burnt by the body after ingestion
- Reduce overall cholesterol levels
- Useful as a natural anticoagulant
- Possess anti-inflammatory properties
- Have cancer fighting properties and fight oxidation
- Possibly fight against Parkinson’s Disease
Towards a sustainable production of chili crops
Society nowadays has been tending towards being more thoughtful about the biological, ecological, economical, and social aspects of our agricultural systems and how sustainable they are. This has manifested itself as a need to ensure that measures are being taken to improve on all of these aspects. The last few years has improved both the efficiency and the performance of chili cultivation through technological and mechanical improvements, although there have been some costs to the environment.
Meanwhile, the safety of food that is grown and harvested in developing countries, using inadequate technology and supplies which use up the natural resources of the land without satisfying the demand for food are a cause of growing worry for the safety of worldwide agricultural supplies.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) offers a mechanism with concrete proven methods that are not only pro-agriculture, but also aid in the development of a sustainable rural growing area. These methods place emphasis on how sustainable agriculture contributes to food safety and helps with the proper use of natural resources. They have the goal in mind to encourage the agricultural food industry, food retailers, consumers, as well as governments to have them actively participate in the search of sustainable systems. If those systems are also lucrative, productive, and protect the health and well being of the humans, animals, and the local environment, all the better. Because of all this, it has become very important to complete production improvements that allow a greater field utilization, allowing for greater efficiency.
Small producers and tutoring with support netting
One other side to this issue is taking into account the socio-economic importance that small agriculturists have on the country. The small agriculturist has a very important role in the structure of the rural countryside as well as the overall agricultural production of Mexico; thus the small agriculturist is a prime candidate for the implementation of these more efficient production systems.
In the horticulture growing chain where you have a high percentage of family ownership in charge of producing the crops is precisely who we need to implement these simple and low cost systems to improve their efficiency. One excellent system that improves on all of these facets is using trellising net to tutor your crops. This trellis netting can significantly improve field production as well as offer other advantages that allow the agriculturist to sell their product on a market that is growing continuously more competitive, such as the chili pepper market.
Although there is no one definition or consensus for the identification of a family farm, they undoubtedly occupy an important percentage of the land that is dedicated to the production of crops, meaning that they are a responsible for supplying a significant portion of the fresh produce that is available on local markets.
All of this that has been previously mentioned is evidence of the productive potential that implementing a program designed to improve the sustainable work in the agricultural food chain could have, and trellis netting is one of the easiest ways to go about this and improve the chili harvest.
Sitio web: Las buenas prácticas agrícolas (2002); www.fao.org/ag/esp/revista/faogapes.pdf (consulta: 23/09/15) Chile verde Capsicum frutescens (2014); http://www.siap.gob.mx/chile-verde (consulta: 17/09/2015) Zhang, R., Humphreys, I., Sahu, R. P., Shi, Y., & Srivastava, S. K. (2008). In vitro and in vivo induction of apoptosis by capsaicin in pancreatic cancer cells is mediated through ROS generation and mitochondrial death pathway. Apoptosis, 13(12), 1465-1478. Rukovets, O. (2013). Eating Peppers May Be Neuroprotective Against Parkinson’s Disease. Neurology Now. http://journals.lww.com/neurologynow/blog/breakingnews/pages/post.aspx?PostID=98 Can Peppers Prevent Parkinson’s Disease?; Healthessentials (2013); http://health.clevelandclinic.org/2013/07/can-peppers-prevent-parkinsons-disease/ (consulta: 24/09/15 ) Re Bates, D. T. (2007). How spicy foods can kill cancers. BBC, 09.01.
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